Interação entre fatores ambientais, saúde, eficiência produtiva e reprodutiva de vacas holandesas em freestall

Leidiane Gonçalves Fernandes

ORCID iD Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano (IF Goiano), Campus Rio Verde Brasil

Thaisa Campos Marques

ORCID iD Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano (IF Goiano), Campus Rio Verde Brasil

Karen Martins Leão

ORCID iD Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano (IF Goiano), Campus Rio Verde Brasil

Tiago do Prado Paim

ORCID iD Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano (IF Goiano), Campus Iporá

Resumo

Avaliou-se a interação dos fatores ambientais no parto e na primeira inseminação artificial, saúde de útero e úbere, eficiência produtiva e reprodutiva de vacas holandesas em freestall. Os softwares Ideagri® e DairyPlan® foram utilizados para coletar dados de produção, reprodução e saúde de 321 vacas em lactação. O software ADAMA Clima® forneceu os dados meteorológicos de temperatura e umidade relativa do ar, para calcular o índice de temperatura e umidade. As variáveis ambientais foram avaliadas quanto à estação do ano mediante análise de variância, médias comparadas pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis. Os efeitos da estação em que ocorreu o parto e da inseminação artificial sobre a taxa de prenhez aos 60 dias foram avaliados por regressão logística no pacote “aod” do Software R; as diferenças entre as taxas de prenhez médias de cada estação foram determinadas pelo teste Qui-quadrado. A taxa de prenhez aos 60 dias, após primeira inseminação artificial pós-parto, foi influenciada positivamente pela quarta lactação e negativamente pela ocorrência de retenção de placenta, durante as estações quentes em que foi realizada a inseminação artificial. A retenção de placenta e a estação de inseminação artificial com índice de temperatura e umidade maior que 80 interferiram na eficiência reprodutiva.

Palavras-chave


Estresse térmico; ITU; Ordem de parto; Retenção de placenta; Vaca leiteira


Texto completo:

Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18265/1517-0306a2020v1n53p190-205

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